Rabindranath Tagore was one of all India’s most notable polymaths. He labored as a poet, thinker, playwright, composer, and social reformer. His work formed Bengali literature, music, and artwork with contextual modernism.
Table of Contents
He was the youngest son of Debendranath Tagore.
Rabindranath Tagore started his formal schooling in Brighton, England. However, his father needed him to grow to be a barrister, and the household moved to England to help his ambitions. Nonetheless, Tagore hated the formal schooling system and dropped out of College Faculty in London.
Tagore grew up in a well-to-do Bengali household. His father was an outstanding landowner, and he was entrusted with the schooling of his youthful brothers. He additionally had the accountability of managing the big household estates. He became influential in Bengali society but didn’t settle for all points of Hinduism. His mom, Sarada Devi, died in 1875. His brother, Dwarkanath, was an outstanding industrialist and contributed to the Bengal Renaissance.
Rabindranath Tagore’s siblings had been equally gifted. His older brother Satyendranath Tagore became the primary Indian member of the Indian Civil Service, whereas his older sister Jyotitindranath was a playwright and composer. His youthful sister Swarnakumari Tagore grew to become an achieved novelist. His household residence was crammed with musical, literary, and theatrical actions.
He studied language, literature, arithmetic, geography, and the historical past.
After his childhood, Rabindranath Tagore left India for England, the place he attended a public faculty in Brighton. He studied Sanskrit and English literature, in addition to arithmetic and geography. He additionally studied music and drawing. After his research, Rabindranath continued his mental workouts at residence. He published works like Abhilas in Agrahayan 1281, Bharatbhumi in bangadarshan, and Prakrit Khed in 1875.
Rabindranath additionally taught at the College of Calcutta. In 1921, he was the primary recipient of the Jagattarini Padak. In 1932, he delivered a lecture in Bengali known as “The Faith of Man.” In 1938, he was appointed professor at the College of Calcutta.
He beloved to journey
Rabindranath Tagore traveled to many nations, together with Europe and Asia. He traveled to Germany to rejoice on his sixtieth birthday and later visited Sweden. His travels included a visit to Persia, where he acquired a private invitation from king Reza Shah Pahlavi and engaged in a well-known mental debate with him.
Along with the locations mentioned above, Tagore usually visited the small city of Ramgarh, which is positioned thirty kilometers south of Nainital. This picturesque panorama impressed him to put in writing components of his well-known novel, Gitanjali. Tagore usually stayed in a small cottage within the city, now a smash. The stream close by was named after Tagore.
By the point of his final abroad tour, Tagore had visited thirty-four nations, making him one of his vital, well-traveled folks. Though he was invited to go to Australia, he by no means made the journey, partially on account of immigration legal guidelines. Nevertheless, his travels span over 20 years and made him a well-recognized identity worldwide.
He was a universalist internationalist.
Rabindranath Tagore is probably the most influential humanist, internationalist and universalist to emerge from India. His universalist and humanist views influenced leaders like Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, the primary and longest-serving Indian Prime Minister. Tagore was born to a Brahmin household in Calcutta. He was the primary Asian to obtain the Nobel Prize.
Tagore was significantly within the position of ladies in conventional Indian home life. He launched the thought of ‘dharma,’ the responsibility of a spouse to her household and husband. Tagore’s work was translated into many languages. Within their Twenties, he based a global college and center for rural reconstruction in India. His work additionally challenged social divisions and concrete values. He urged people to embrace common understanding.
He was stridently anti-nationalist
Rabindranath Tagore was an outstanding Indian author who resisted nationalism. His experiences formed his political concepts as an individual and author. Though he argued in opposition to nationalism, he adored his nation and positioned its pursuits first. He was not in opposition to the idea of nationalism itself; however, he opposed methods of defining the id and charting the nation’s future.
The stance of Tagore in the direction of nationalism was contested in his lifetime. However, in a letter written to his son Rathindranath on 11 October 1916, he declared that the age of slim chauvinism was finishing. The letter will be discovered within the establishment that bears his identity in Bolpur.