A Beginner’s Guide to a WebGL Tutorial


To understand WebGL, you need to know how to set up functions and give them data. Virtually every piece of WebGL involves setting up these functions. There are 4 primary sources of data for WebGL, including textures. Textures are two-dimensional arrays of data with red, green, blue, and alpha channels. These are used to create a 3D image. Shaders can read from these textures by random access.

Fragment shader

The Fragment shader is used to produce shading for an object. It works by receiving interpolated values from each of the vertex positions of the object’s constituent fragments. The shader receives the color of each of these values depending on its position relative to other vertices.

A fragment shader produces multiple outputs, called varyings. A triangle may have thousands of pixels, and each pixel receives an interpolated value for the variable based on its vertex position. This means you can use the fragment shader to describe surfaces in between vertices.

To use this shader, you’ll need to clear the canvas before drawing. Then, you’ll need to tell WebGL how to render several points at once. You can do this by creating a data buffer with the three points’ coordinates. You can access this data buffer with the vertexAttribPointer or the enableVertexAttribArray. Then, using gl.draw arrays, you can render the 3 points as triangles. If you have a lot of points, you can reuse the color uniform variable for them.

Texture swapping

Texture swapping is a powerful feature that lets web developers use a set of common JavaScript commands to swap out the textures in their applications. Texture swapping allows web developers to reduce the number of shaders and images that their application loads at startup. The technique involves replacing the texture with another one that is similar to the original one.

It is very useful for WebGL applications because it reduces the amount of work that must be done to render the scene. It also enables developers to make the most of their applications’ existing hardware. To enable texture swapping, you must implement the necessary logic in your WebGL program. Specifically, you must implement a mechanism for setting the viewport of the application and handling canvas resizing.

Depth test

A depth test compares the depth of a fragment with the depth value stored in the depth buffer. This is useful when you want to create a reflection underneath a floor. The following WebGL depth test tutorial demonstrates how to use it. You can also learn how to disable the writing of depth values.

A depth test is an important component of 3D graphics. It enables a pixel to store depth information along with its color. Normally, the color closest to the camera is the closest to the camera. However, depth testing makes more sense because it creates a second buffer where the camera’s depth value is stored. This second buffer is used to write depth data and draw color.

A depth test is the easiest method of visualizing the depth value of a 3-D object. It essentially works by storing depth values in a special WebGL buffer. A fragment has x and y values that correspond to the screen’s coordinates, and a z value that measures the depth of a plane that is perpendicular to the screen.

Animating textures

The next time you want to see a red sign, you might be wondering how you can animate the texture in WebGL. The answer is quite simple: WebGL uses a technique called texture mapping, which makes use of multiple images that cover various levels of detail. An example of this is the combination of a red sign with white letters.

There are several ways to animate the texture in WebGL. One option is to draw the texture from video or canvas data. To do so, you can use a tutorial published by Mozilla. The tutorial shows how to draw a video from the video tag into WebGL, and it also explains how to draw data from a canvas into WebGL.