For most married couples, having children is a long-awaited dream. But unfortunately, not all couples can quickly realize their dreams. Fortunately, the medical world that has advanced as it is today can help couples to have children. Two of these medical methods are artificial insemination and IVF. So what is the difference between artificial insemination or surrogacy agency and IVF?
Artificial insemination and IVF are the two most common medical methods people choose to treat infertility. Infertility is a condition when a woman does not get pregnant even though she has had sexual intercourse many times. Generally, this condition is caused by problems with the reproductive system, both women and men. For example, abnormal sperm production or function in men, ovulation disorders in women, or a combination of the two.
In addition, problems in other reproductive systems can cause this infertility. Both insemination and IVF are often options when problems with the reproductive system that prevents pregnancy cannot be corrected. Both are also part of assisted conception or assisted reproductive technology (ART), which has helped many couples to get pregnant and have children. By performing one of these medical procedures, infertile couples who have difficulty conceiving can have a chance to have children. Both are also reasonably safe for you and your partner to live in as long as the right experts do it. So then, which method do you need to undergo, and what is the difference between artificial insemination and IVF?
Although both can increase the chances of pregnancy, these two methods have different processes. The following is an explanation of each process.
Artificial insemination process
Artificial insemination, also known as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or artificial insemination, is a method that involves placing sperm directly into a woman’s uterus. In this method, the sperm from the man’s semen is washed first to select active and normal sperm, then put into a catheter. This catheter is then inserted into the uterus through the vagina and cervix. After that, the sperm will automatically reach the fallopian tube and find the egg to be fertilized.
The artificial insemination procedure will be carried out during a woman’s fertile period or when ovulation occurs. This allows the sperm to meet the egg higher so that pregnancy is more likely. This process is what makes artificial insemination look more natural than IVF. However, depending on the cause of infertility, doctors can also do this process with the help of fertility drugs to induce ovulation or increase the number of eggs.
Although both helped unite sperm and eggs, the difference between artificial insemination and IVF is where fertilization occurs. In artificial insemination, fertilization occurs in the mother’s womb. While in IVF, fertilization will occur outside the body, precisely in a particular container in the laboratory. For this reason, this method is called IVF or in vitro fertilization (IVF).
The ovaries will be stimulated first to produce more eggs in the IVF program. Furthermore, the mature egg will be taken from the ovary to be met with sperm in a particular container. In this container, fertilization will occur, which then forms an embryo. The embryo will be incubated for 3-5 days until it will finally be inserted into the woman’s uterus. The inserted embryo is what is expected to develop until then pregnancy occurs.
In general, the success rate of the IVF program is higher than artificial insemination. However, artificial insemination is often the first choice to help get pregnant because it is cheaper and has a lower likelihood of risk. In addition to twin pregnancies, IVF is also at risk of causing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is a condition in which the ovaries become swollen or painful due to taking medications to induce ovulation. Therefore, instead of looking for which method is better, you and your partner need to know which method is the most appropriate for your condition. To find out, you need to consult a doctor. You and your partner may also need to undergo various tests to find the correct method.