What is a Cookie?


Cookie is an acronym for cookies, which are small files that a website places on your computer’s hard drive. These files can be session cookies, HTTP cookies, or third-party cookies.

HTTP cookies

Cookies are small pieces of data sent from a web server to a browser. They can be used for tracking, personalization, and session management. However, they also carry security concerns.

Originally, cookies were created to save and recall small amounts of information. Eventually, they became more powerful. Today, they are still useful, but they also pose security risks.

When you enter a website, a server sends a cookie with your request. This cookie can hold login information, shopping cart items, or other preferences. You may have more than one cookie on your device at any time.

If you want to manage your cookies, you can read the instructions in your browser. For example, Google Chrome users can go to the Settings menu and click on the “Applications” tab. There, they can navigate to the “Cookies” submenu.

Persistent cookies

Permanent cookies are cookies that persist on a user’s device for a long period of time. They can be used to remember a user’s login details, passwords, or preferences. Persistent cookies also enable website operators to track user activity on their websites, allowing businesses to tailor their content to target audiences better.

Session cookies are similar to persistent cookies, but they are only active during one website visit. Unlike the latter, session cookies are not stored on a user’s hard drive.

The primary difference between session and permanent cookies is that the former is deleted when the browser closes. While the former is not, it does transmit identifiers to the web server and allows it to save and recall information on a user’s computer.

This allows websites to use their cookies to remember a user’s preferences, shopping cart contents, or even their username and password. If a user returns to the site after closing their browser, the site can read the information stored in a persistent cookie.

Session cookies

Session cookies are small text files that are stored on the user’s computer. They are used by websites to store information on a user’s browsing activities. Among their uses are identifying a user’s login, tracking their actions, and improving the performance of websites.

Cookies can be grouped into two categories: persistent and session. While both types of cookies can be useful for collecting user information, persistent cookies can stay on a user’s computer longer. The browser can also block session cookies if the user has the correct settings in place.

Session cookies are essential to the functionality of many websites. They allow the server to recognize the user when moving from page to page. However, they are limited in the amount of data they can retain.

A session cookie, for example, keeps track of the items added to a shopping cart. This helps prevent items from being lost at checkout.

Third-party cookies

Cookies are small data files that are stored on a user’s computer. They are used by a website to remember specific information about a user. The cookies are typically used for tracking users across multiple domains. These data are often used by advertisers to target advertisements.

However, third-party cookies have also become a major privacy concern. Users are demanding more control over their data. According to a recent study, 86% of Americans have concerns about their data’s privacy. It’s a major topic and marketers should be watching for solutions.

Currently, third-party cookies are used for a variety of purposes. Some of them are ad serving, retargeting, and behavioral targeting. Others are used for a social media spam.

However, the phase-out of these types of cookies is expected in the next two years. Google has announced that it will be phasing out these cookies by the end of 2023. This change is a response to growing consumer demands for greater privacy.

Regulations for the use of cookies

Cookies are a piece of information stored in a web browser. They are used to track a visitor’s activity on a website. Some cookies are managed by the site owner while others are managed by third parties.

Several jurisdictions have laws concerning cookie use. These laws vary in their complexity, but most require some type of cookie policy.

One of the more comprehensive laws is the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA). This law protects the privacy of consumers. It requires that websites disclose what type of cookies they are using. Website owners can also ask consumers to opt out of cookies.

The Privacy Enforcement and Compliance Regulation (PECR) requires websites to get consent before using any kind of cookie. Consent must be given in a timely manner, specifically informed, and free of charge.