TiN Coating


TiN coating reduces friction and heat generation during cutting, leading to smoother and more precise cuts. Furthermore, this material resists corrosion, chemical damage, and abrasion. Browse the Best info about TiN Beschichtung.

TiN improves lubricity and reduces galling between mold components during forming applications. It is biocompatible and FDA-approved for medical device usage.


TiN coating has a Vickers hardness of 4200 to 4600 Hv (>80 Rc). This indicates it is considerably more complex than the substrate materials on which it is applied, making it suitable for sliding contacts such as bicycle suspension forks or shock shafts on radio-controlled cars, where sliding contact is an issue. In addition, its hardness helps reduce wear by decreasing material shed from contact surfaces when in contact.

TiN coatings are often found on automotive components like gears and bearings, where their high hardness and abrasion resistance help reduce friction, lengthen the lifespan of components, improve vehicle performance and reliability, lower maintenance costs, and lead to more excellent vehicle reliability, and reduce repair costs. TiN coating is also utilized in medical applications like surgical instruments and implants due to its biocompatibility as well as its ability to withstand sterilization processes without degrading over time.

TiN coating’s exceptional abrasion resistance can be attributed to its strong bond with the steel substrate to which it is applied. This allows it to resist mechanical damage caused by impacts or scratches while remaining intact even with repeated use, protecting itself from corrosion, rust, or other forms of oxidation.

TiN is often utilized to produce complex toolings such as drills, milling cutters, and taps due to its ability to withstand higher cutting speeds with a reduced need for lubrication. This results in longer tool lifespans, reduced production times, and lower manufacturing costs.

TiN can be customized to meet the specialized requirements of various applications, including bevel gear-cutting tools. Thinner coating versions are suitable for shearing and sintering operations, and other coating versions that can be applied at temperatures below 300 degrees C can also be produced. More versatile products like AlTiSiN, TiAlN, and TiC—offering additional machinability or corrosion resistance properties—also provide additional benefits.

Corrosion Resistance

TiN is a highly durable coating with outstanding mechanical, corrosion, and thermal properties to meet a variety of needs. It can help improve lubricity between metallic surfaces to extend tool life and enhance performance, increase corrosion resistance against oxidative environments, retain edge retention on knives and firearms for edge retention applications, and add aesthetic value by improving appearance preservation.

Wallwork Cambridge offers TiN coating processes via physical vapor deposition (PVD) or atomic layer deposition (ALD), providing cost-effective solutions to improve performance and extend tool lifespan in industries that rely on bevel gear cutting tools, for instance, bevel gear cutters with bevel gear teeth requiring high hardness with low friction, moderate corrosion resistance, and moderate wear resistance. TiN coating is particularly suitable for use on aluminum, copper, steel, and cast iron materials for optimal cutting tool performance and longevity.

SEM imaging shows that uncoated Ti substrates experience severe pitting and crevice corrosion. When left bare, their surfaces are attacked by corrosive ions that weaken passive films and facilitate active dissolution processes; when coated with TiN coating, however, these corrosive ions cannot interact with the substrate but are repulsed by its surface, thereby stopping electrochemical corrosion processes altogether.

EIS tests conducted on 316L stainless steel substrates with TiN, TiCN, and Ti-DLC coatings at 37 deg C reveal that TiN films offer superior corrosion protection compared to bare 316L SS; the TiN film’s OCP stability with positive deviation is far superior, whereas its negative deviation stands out more.

TiN-coated beams experience significantly lower vibration amplitudes due to reduced energy dissipation at the flange-coating interface and inter-lamellae interface within their coating and the superior corrosion and wear resistance of the TiN coating. This can make TiN particularly suitable for aerospace components subject to extreme pressures, temperatures, and corrosion environments.

Abrasion Resistance

TiN is an effective coating that reduces friction between surfaces. This means it can extend the lifespan of metal components such as razor blades, drills, and injection molds. Furthermore, TiN provides superior corrosion and wear protection.

Titanium nitride is a popular material choice for metal parts used in harsh environments and with abrasive materials. This includes aerospace applications like turbines and landing gear, which are exposed to extreme temperatures, pressures, and chemicals. Furthermore, being non-toxic and biocompatible, it is an excellent material option for medical and surgical equipment.

TiN coating resists abrasion and high temperatures, making it ideal for metal-to-metal contact machining operations. In addition, it improves adhesion between dissimilar materials, increases lubricity levels, and minimizes electromagnetic interference.

AlTiN coatings are popular choices due to their combination of hardness, abrasion resistance, and toughness features. They can help provide steels and alloy steels with cutting tools, as well as cast irons and other hard materials while remaining tough. AlTiN coatings have proven themselves particularly adept for cutting steels with precision while being effective against cast iron abrasives and other rigid materials.

TiNc coating provides superior heat resistance and wear resistance when compared to AlTiN coating, making it more suitable for cutting alloy and high-silicon aluminum alloys as well as cutting abrasive materials such as granite. Furthermore, its higher heat resistance enables it to stay cooler during machining operations, leading to improved surface finishes and extended cutter life.

TiN coatings can be applied using different methods, such as arc and plasma sputtering. VaporTech’s proprietary cathodic arc deposition process produces an exceptionally smooth film with a low coefficient of friction and exceptional wear resistance; this makes the coating resistant to constant friction caused by screw threads as well as corrosion, wear, abrasion, and wear damage caused by machinery operation – crucially protecting against costly downtime and decreased productivity caused by costly screw thread failures. Our sputtering technique also allows greater thickness of TiN coating than other methods allow – increasing durability while increasing performance by making screws more robust against wear over time and performance improvements overall.

Heat Resistance

TiN has excellent thermal capabilities, enabling it to be machined at temperatures reaching up to 62 Rockwell C for milling operations. As such, TiN is frequently employed in die and mold-making industries when concerns exist regarding heat-treated materials that must be machined.

TiN production usually involves sputter deposition. This process requires high temperatures to facilitate film growth and the reaction between Ti and N, which creates a hard coating. Unfortunately, however, higher temperatures lead to surface degradation from oxidation, creating pores or roughness on the surface and leading to its oxidation and eventual degradation.

To address these concerns, various techniques are utilized to enhance the durability of TiN coatings at higher temperatures. One such strategy involves adding silicon components to the coating system to increase binding energy between coating and substrate material, thus decreasing frictional forces that cause wear.

TiN durability can also be increased by increasing its thickness by combining plasma nitriding and arc ion beam (AIB) treatments. This creates thicker coatings than would otherwise be achieved through either technique alone. Furthermore, this increased thickness improves wear resistance and durability.

However, thinner coatings may become porous and rough over time, losing hardness and abrasion resistance at lower temperatures.

Though thin coatings do have their downsides, they still offer many benefits. For instance, they are helpful when applied to soft materials like aluminum or non-ferrous metals that need coating quickly; additionally, they provide excellent corrosion and abrasion resistance for plastic parts used in molding applications.

SEM images of cross sections through TiN and AlTiSiN coatings show them to be both textured. Furthermore, X-ray diffraction patterns prove that both coatings have been nitrided; both patterns feature clearly defined preferred orientations of TiN crystallites with Thkl values of approximately 1.

Microhardness testing results confirmed that both coatings had similar abrasion test times; however, AlTiSiN had significantly less relative weight loss compared to TiN, likely owing to superior mechanical adhesion on Inconel 718 substrates.

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