Hinduism is an Indian faith and dharma, or a lifestyle, extensively practised within the Indian subcontinent. Hinduism has been referred to as the oldest faith on this planet, and a few practitioners and students confer with it as Sanātana Dharma, “the everlasting custom”, or the “everlasting method”, past human historical past. Students regard Hinduism as a fusionor synthesis of assorted Indian cultures and traditions, with various rootsand no founder.This “Hindu synthesis” began to develop between 500 BCE and 300 CE,following the Vedic interval
Though Hinduism incorporates a broad vary of philosophies, it’s linked by shared ideas, recognisable rituals, cosmology, shared textual assets, and pilgrimage to sacred websites. Hindu texts are labeled into Śruti (“heard”) and Smṛti (“remembered”). These texts talk about theology, philosophy, mythology, Vedic yajna, Yoga, agamic rituals, and temple constructing, amongst different matters.Main scriptures embody the Vedas and Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, and the Agamas. Sources of authority and everlasting truths in its texts play an necessary function, however there’s additionally a robust Hindu custom of questioning authority in an effort to deepen the understanding of those truths and to additional develop the custom.
Outstanding themes in Hindu beliefs embody the 4 Puruṣārthas, the correct targets or goals of human life, particularly Dharma (ethics/duties), Artha (prosperity/work), Kama (needs/passions) and Moksha (liberation/freedom/salvation);karma (motion, intent and penalties), Saṃsāra (cycle of rebirth), and the varied Yogas (paths or practices to achieve moksha). Hindu practices embody rituals reminiscent of puja (worship) and recitations, meditation, family-oriented rites of passage, annual festivals, and occasional pilgrimages. Some Hindus go away their social world and materials possessions, then have interaction in lifelong Sannyasa (monastic practices) to realize Moksha. Hinduism prescribes the everlasting duties, reminiscent of honesty, refraining from injuring residing beings (ahimsa), endurance, forbearance, self-restraint, and compassion, amongst others. The 4 largest denominations of Hinduism are the Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism and Smartism.
Hinduism is the world’s third largest faith; its followers, often called Hindus, quantity about 1.15 billion, or 15–16% of the worldwide inhabitants. Hindus type nearly all of the inhabitants in India, Nepal and Mauritius. Vital Hindu communities are additionally discovered within the Caribbean, Africa, North America, and different international locations.