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Temples of India – Chidambaram Sri Thillai Nataraja Temple – Temples of India

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Thillai Natarajah Temple, Chidambaram or Chidambaram temple is a Hindu temple devoted to Lord Shiva situated within the city of Chidambaram, East-Central Tamil Nadu, South India. The temple is named the foremost of all temples (Kovil) to Saivites and has influenced worship, structure, sculpture and efficiency artwork for over two millennium. The Sangam classics record chief architect Viduvelvidugu Perumtaccan as directing an early renovation of the shrine.

A significant shrine of Lord Shiva worship for the reason that classical interval, there have been a number of renovations and choices to Chidambaram by the Pallava, Chola, Pandya, Vijayanagara and Chera royals within the historic and pre-medieval intervals. The temple because it stands now could be primarily of the 12th and 13th centuries, with later additions in comparable fashion.[1] Its bronze statues and stone sculptures depicting numerous deities and the well-known Thillai bushes (Excoecaria agallocha) of the encircling forest mirror the highpoints of early Chola and Pallava artwork whereas its famed gold plated gopuram towers are medieval structural additions by the royals Aditya I, Parantaka Chola I, Kopperunchinga I, Krishnadevaraya and Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan. King Kocengannan Chola was born following prayers his dad and mom supplied on the temple and later in his life he refined its construction.[2][3][4] The shrine gave the city its title.

The deity that presides right here is கூத்தன் – Thillai Koothan (Thillai Nataraja – Shiva, The Lord of Dance). Chidambaram is the birthplace of the sculpture and bronze picture illustration of Lord Shiva because the cosmic dancer, a Tamilian idea and motif in Chola artwork that has since turn into notable as a logo of Hinduism. The shrine is the one Shiva temple to have its predominant deity represented on this anthropomorphic kind, because the supreme being who performs all cosmic actions.[5][6] The consort deity right here is Sivakami Amman (type of Amman – mom goddess and feminine power). Two different types of Lord Shiva are represented near this within the vimana (internal sanctum) of the temple – as a crystallised lingam – the commonest illustration of Lord Shiva in temples, and because the aether area classical ingredient, represented with empty area and a garland of fifty one hanging golden vilvam leaves (Aegle marmelos). Lord Shiva is captured in pose as Nataraja performing the Ananda Tandava (“Dance of Delight”) within the golden corridor of the shrine Pon Ambalam (பொன் அம்பலம்). The sculptures of Chidambaram impressed the postures of Bharatha Natyam. The Chidambaram complicated is admired for its 5 well-known halls (ambalam or sabhai), a number of grand smaller shrines to the Hindu deities Ganesh, Murugan, Vishnu and Sivakami Amman which comprise Pandyan and Nayak architectural kinds, and for its endowment from many water tanks, one among which hyperlinks it to the Thillai Kali temple.[7]

Chidambaram is among the 5 Pancha Bootha Sthalams, the holiest Shiva temples every representing one of many 5 classical components; Chidambaram represents akasha (aether). Chidambaram is glorified in Tirumular’s Tirumandhiram and was visited by Patañjali and Pulikaal Munivar.[8] It’s the main shrine of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams – Shiva Sthalams glorified within the early medieval Tevaram poems by Tamil Saivite Nayanar saints Tirunavukkarasar, Thirugnana Sambandar and Sundarar. Hailed within the Tiruvacakam collection by Manikkavacakar, these very volumes of the Tirumurai literature canon have been themselves present in secret chambers of the temple. The Periya Puranam, a biography of those Nayanar saints by Sekkizhar commissioned by emperor Kulothunga Chola II, was written within the shrine’s Thousand Pillared Corridor. In Kanda Puranam, the epic authored by Kachiyappa Sivachariar of Kanchipuram, the Chidambaram shrine is honored as one of many three foremost Shiva abodes on the planet, alongside Koneswaram temple of Trincomalee and Mount Kailash.

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