Swami Vivekananda (12 January 1863–four July 1902), born Narendra Nath Datta, was an Indian Hindu monk. He was a key determine within the introduction of Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the western world and was credited with elevating interfaith consciousness, bringing Hinduism to the standing of a significant world faith within the late 19th century. He was a significant power within the revival of Hinduism in India and contributed to the notion of nationalism in colonial India.He was the chief disciple of the 19th century saint Ramakrishna and the founding father of the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission. He’s maybe finest recognized for his inspiring speech starting with “Sisters and Brothers of America,”by way of which he launched Hinduism on the Parliament of the World’s Religions in Chicago in 1893.
Born in aristocratic Bengali Kayastha household of Calcutta, Swami Vivekananda confirmed an inclination in the direction of spirituality and God realisation. His guru, Ramakrishna, taught him Advaita Vedanta (non-dualism); that each one religions are true and that service to man was the simplest worship of God. After the loss of life of his guru, Vivekananda turned a wandering monk, extensively touring the Indian subcontinent and buying first-hand information of situations in India. He later travelled to america and represented India as a delegate within the 1893 Parliament of World Religions. He carried out lots of of private and non-private lectures and lessons, disseminating tenets of Hindu philosophy in America, England and Europe. He established the Vedanta societies in America and England.
In America Vivekananda turned India’s non secular ambassador. His mission there was the interpretation of India’s non secular tradition and heritage. He additionally tried to complement the non secular consciousness of Individuals by way of the teachings of the Vedanta philosophy. In India Vivekananda is considered a patriotic saint of contemporary India and his birthday is well known as Nationwide Youth Day.
In Swami Vivekananda’s personal phrases, he was “condensed India”. William James, the Harvard thinker, referred to as Vivekananda the “paragon of Vedantists”. Rabindranath Tagore’s suggestion (to Nobel Laureate Romain Rolland) was– “If you wish to know India, examine Vivekananda. In him all the things is optimistic and nothing unfavourable.