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“The one true knowledge is in understanding nothing.”
The Rigveda (Sanskrit: ऋग्वेद ṛgveda, from ṛc “reward” and veda “information”) is an historic Indian assortment of Vedic Sanskrit hymns together with related commentaries on liturgy, ritual and mystical exegesis. It is among the 4 sacred canonical texts (śruti) of Hinduism referred to as the Vedas.The core textual content, referred to as the Rigveda Samhita, is a group of 1,028 hymns (sūktas) in about 10,600 verses (known as ṛc, eponymous of the identify Rigveda), organized into ten books (maṇḍalas).
Within the eight books that have been composed the earliest, the hymns are principally reward of particular deities. The youthful books (books 1 and 10) partly additionally take care of philosophical or speculative questions, with the advantage of dāna (charity) in society and with different metaphysical points of their hymns.The oldest layers of the Rigveda Samhita are among the many oldest extant texts in any Indo-European language, maybe of comparable age as sure Hittite texts. Philological and linguistic proof signifies that the majority of the Rigveda Samhita was composed within the northwestern area of the Indian subcontinent, most certainly between c. 1500 and 1200 BC, though a wider approximation of c. 1700–1100 BC has additionally been given. The preliminary codification of the Rigveda occurred throughout the early Kuru kingdom (c. 1200–900 BC).
A few of its verses proceed to be recited throughout Hindu rites of passage celebrations (comparable to weddings) and prayers, making it in all probability the world’s oldest spiritual textual content in continued use.The related materials has been preserved from two shakhas or “faculties”, referred to as Śākalya
and Bāṣkala. The varsity-specific commentaries are referred to as Brahmanas (Aitareya-brahmana and Kaushitaki-brahmana) Aranyakas (Aitareya-aranyaka and Kaushitaki-aranyaka),
and Upanishads (partly excerpted from the Aranyakas: Bahvrca-brahmana-upanishad, Aitareya-upanishad, Samhita-upanishad, Kaushitaki-upanishad).