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Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Solar and the most important planet inside the Photo voltaic System. It’s a fuel big with mass one-thousandth that of the Solar however is 2 and a half occasions the mass of all the opposite planets in our Photo voltaic System mixed. Jupiter is assessed as a fuel big together with Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Collectively, these 4 planets are typically known as the Jovian or outer planets.
The planet was recognized by astronomers of historical occasions and was related to the mythology and non secular beliefs of many cultures. The Romans named the planet after the Roman god Jupiter. When considered from Earth, Jupiter can attain an obvious magnitude of −2.94, making it on common the third-brightest object within the night time sky after the Moon and Venus. (Jupiter can briefly match Jupiter’s brightness at sure factors in its orbit.)
Jupiter is primarily composed of hydrogen with 1 / 4 of its mass being helium; it could even have a rocky core of heavier parts. Due to its fast rotation, Jupiter’s form is that of an oblate spheroid (it possesses a slight however noticeable bulge across the equator). The outer ambiance is visibly segregated into a number of bands at completely different latitudes, leading to turbulence and storms alongside their interacting boundaries. A distinguished result’s the Nice Crimson Spot, a large storm that’s recognized to have existed since at the very least the 17th century when it was first seen by telescope. Surrounding the planet is a faint planetary ring system and a strong magnetosphere. There are additionally at the very least 64 moons, together with the 4 massive moons known as the Galilean moons that have been first found by Galileo Galilei in 1610. Ganymede, the most important of those moons, has a diameter higher than that of the planet Mercury.
Jupiter has been explored on a number of events by robotic spacecraft, most notably throughout the early Pioneer and Voyager flyby missions and later by the Galileo orbiter. The latest probe to go to Jupiter was the Pluto-bound New Horizons spacecraft in late February 2007. The probe used the gravity from Jupiter to extend its velocity. Future targets for exploration within the Jovian system embrace the attainable ice-covered liquid ocean on the moon Europa.