Mysterious Kumari Kandam The Misplaced Hindu Continent – బయటపడ్డ కుమారి ఖండం అసలు చరిత్ర – With Subtitles
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Kumari Kandam refers to a legendary misplaced continent with an historical Tamil civilization, positioned south of present-day India, within the Indian Ocean. Different identify and spellings embody Kumarikkantam and Kumari Nadu.
Within the 19th century, a piece of the European and American students speculated the existence of a submerged continent known as Lemuria, to elucidate geological and different similarities between Africa, India and Madagascar. A piece of Tamil revivalists tailored this concept, connecting it to the Pandyan legends of lands misplaced to the ocean, as described in historical Tamil and Sanskrit literature. Based on these writers, an historical Tamil civilization existed on Lemuria, earlier than it was misplaced to the ocean in a disaster. Within the 20th century, the Tamil writers began utilizing the identify “Kumari Kandam” to explain this submerged continent. Though the Lemuria concept was later rendered out of date by the continental drift (plate tectonics) concept, the idea remained in style among the many Tamil revivalists of the 20th century. Based on them, Kumari Kandam was the place the place the primary two Tamil literary academies (sangams) had been organized throughout the Pandyan reign. They claimed Kumari Kandam because the cradle of civilization to show the antiquity of Tamil language and tradition.
The phrases “Kumari Kandam” first seem in Kanda Puranam, a 15th-century Tamil model of the Skanda Purana, written by Kachiappa Sivacharyara (1350-1420). Though the Tamil revivalists insist that it’s a pure Tamil identify, it’s truly a spinoff of the Sanskrit phrase “Kumārika Khaṇḍa”. The Andakosappadalam part of Kanda Puranam describes the next cosmological mannequin of the universe: There are various worlds, every having a number of continents, which in flip, have a number of kingdoms. Paratan, the ruler of 1 such kingdom, had eight sons and one daughter. He additional divided his kingdom into 9 elements, and the half dominated by his daughter Kumari got here to be often known as Kumari Kandam after her. Kumari Kandam is described as the dominion of the Earth. Though the Kumari Kandam concept grew to become in style amongst anti-Brahmin anti-Sanskrit Tamil nationalists, the Kanda Puranam truly describes Kumari Kandam because the land the place the Brahmins additionally reside, the place Shiva is worshipped and the place the Vedas are recited. The remainder of the kingdoms are described because the territory of the mlecchas.
The medieval commentator Adiyarkunallar acknowledged that the scale of the land south of Kanyakumari, misplaced to the ocean was 700 kavatam. The trendy equal of kavatam isn’t recognized. In 1905, Arasan Shanmugham Pillai wrote that this land amounted to 1000’s of miles. Based on Purnalingam Pillai and Suryanarayana Sastri, the quantity was equal to 7000 miles. Others, resembling Abraham Pandither, Aiyan Aarithan, Devaneyan and Raghava Aiyangar provided estimates starting from 1,400 to three,000 miles. Based on U. V. Swaminatha Iyer, solely the land amounting in space to just a few villages (equal to the Tamil measure of two kurram) was misplaced. In 1903, Suryanarayana Sastri prompt that Kumari Kandam prolonged from the present-day Kanyakumari in North to Kerguelen Islands in South, and from Madagascar within the West to Sunda Islands within the East. In 1912, Somasundara Bharati wrote that the continent touched China, Africa, Australia and Kanyakumari on 4 sides. In 1948, Maraimalai Adigal acknowledged that the continent stretched so far as the South Pole. Somasundara Bharati provided an estimate of 6000–7000 miles.