Indian Historic Books That Can Change The World || ఈ పురాతన గ్రంధాల గురించి మీకు తెలియని షాకింగ్ నిజాలు || With Subtitles/CC
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Hindu texts are manuscripts and historic literature associated to any of the various traditions inside Hinduism. A couple of texts are shared sources throughout these traditions and broadly thought-about as Hindu scriptures. These embody the Vedas and the Upanishads. Students hesitate in defining the time period “Hindu scripture” given the various nature of Hinduism, many embody Bhagavad Gita and Agamas as Hindu scriptures, whereas Dominic Goodall consists of Bhagavata Purana and Yajnavalkya Smriti to the record of Hindu scriptures.
There are two historic classifications of Hindu texts: Shruti – that which is heard, and Smriti – that which is remembered. The Śruti refers back to the physique of most authoritative, historic spiritual texts, believed to be everlasting information authored neither by human nor divine agent however transmitted by sages (rishi). These comprise the central canon of Hinduism. It consists of the 4 Vedas together with its 4 varieties of embedded texts – the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas and the early Upanishads. Of the Shrutis (Vedic corpus), the Upanishads alone are extensively influential amongst Hindus, thought-about scriptures par excellence of Hinduism, and their central concepts have continued to affect its ideas and traditions.
The Smriti texts are a selected physique of Hindu texts attributed to an writer, as a spinoff work they’re thought-about much less authoritative than Sruti in Hinduism. The Smrti literature is an enormous corpus of various texts, and consists of however just isn’t restricted to Vedāngas, the Hindu epics, the Sutras and Shastras, the texts of Hindu philosophies, the Puranas, the Kāvya or poetical literature, the Bhasyas, and quite a few Nibandhas protecting politics, ethics, tradition, arts and society.
Many historic and medieval Hindu texts had been composed in Sanskrit, many others in regional Indian languages. In trendy occasions, most historic texts have been translated into different Indian languages and a few in Western languages. Previous to the beginning of the frequent period, the Hindu texts had been composed orally, then memorized and transmitted orally, from one era to subsequent, for greater than a millennia earlier than they had been written down into manuscripts. This verbal custom of preserving and transmitting Hindu texts, from one era to subsequent, continued into the fashionable period.
The Vedas are a big physique of Hindu texts originating in historic India, with its Samhita and Brahmanas full earlier than about 800 BCE. Composed in Vedic Sanskrit, the texts represent the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. Hindus take into account the Vedas to be apauruṣeya, which suggests “not of a person, superhuman” and “impersonal, authorless”. The information within the Vedas are believed in Hinduism to everlasting, uncreated, neither authored by human nor by divine supply, however seen, heard and transmitted by sages.
Vedas are additionally known as śruti “what’s heard” literature, distinguishing them from different spiritual texts, that are known as smṛiti “what’s remembered”. The Veda, for orthodox Indian theologians, are thought-about revelations, a way or different the work of the Deity. Within the Hindu Epic the Mahabharata, the creation of Vedas is credited to Brahma.
There are 4 Vedas: the Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda and the Atharvaveda. Every Veda has been subclassified into 4 main textual content varieties – the Samhitas (mantras and benedictions), the Aranyakas (textual content on rituals, ceremonies, sacrifices and symbolic-sacrifices), the Brahmanas (commentaries on rituals, ceremonies and sacrifices), and the Upanishads (textual content discussing meditation, philosophy and non secular information).
The Upanishads are a group of Hindu texts which comprise among the central philosophical ideas of Hinduism.
The Upanishads are generally known as Vedānta, variously interpreted to imply both the “final chapters, components of the Veda” or “the thing, the best objective of the Veda”. The ideas of Brahman (Final Actuality) and Ātma (Soul, Self) are central concepts in all of the Upanishads, and “Know your Ātma” their thematic focus. The Upanishads are the inspiration of Hindu philosophical thought and its various traditions. Of the Vedic corpus, they alone are extensively identified, and the central concepts of the Upanishads have had an enduring affect on Hindu philosophy.
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