Hinduism is the world’s third largest faith. It’s an Indian faith and dharma, or lifestyle,[note 1] broadly practised within the Indian subcontinent and components of Southeast Asia. Hinduism has been referred to as the oldest faith on the planet,[note 2] and a few practitioners and students check with it as Sanātana Dharma, “the everlasting custom”, or the “everlasting approach”, past human historical past. Students regard Hinduism as a fusion[note 3] or synthesis[note 4] of varied Indian cultures and traditions,[note 5] with numerous roots[note 6] and no founder. This “Hindu synthesis” began to develop between 500 BCE and 300 CE, after the top of the Vedic interval (1500 to 500 BCE), and flourished within the medieval interval, with the decline of Buddhism in India. Though Hinduism incorporates a broad vary of philosophies, it’s linked by shared ideas, recognisable rituals, cosmology, shared textual sources, and pilgrimage to sacred websites. Hindu texts are labeled into Śruti (“heard”) and Smṛti (“remembered”). These texts talk about theology, philosophy, mythology, Vedic yajna, Yoga, agamic rituals, and temple constructing, amongst different matters. Main scriptures embrace the Vedas and the Upanishads, the Puranas, the Mahabharata, the Ramayana, and the Āgamas. Sources of authority and everlasting truths in its texts play an necessary position, however there’s additionally a powerful Hindu custom of questioning authority in an effort to deepen the understanding of those truths and to additional develop the custom. Distinguished themes in Hindu beliefs embrace the 4 Puruṣārthas, the correct targets or goals of human life, specifically Dharma (ethics/duties), Artha (prosperity/work), Kama (wishes/passions) and Moksha (liberation/freedom from the cycle of demise and rebirth/salvation); karma (motion, intent and penalties), Saṃsāra (cycle of demise and rebirth), and the varied Yogas (paths or practices to realize moksha). Hindu practices embrace rituals comparable to puja (worship) and recitations, japa, meditation, family-oriented rites of passage, annual festivals, and occasional pilgrimages. Some Hindus depart their social world and materials possessions, then have interaction in lifelong Sannyasa (monastic practices) to attain Moksha. Hinduism prescribes the everlasting duties, comparable to honesty, refraining from injuring dwelling beings (ahimsa), endurance, forbearance, self-restraint, and compassion, amongst others.[web 1] The 4 largest denominations of Hinduism are the Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism and Smartism. Hinduism is the world’s third largest faith; its followers, generally known as Hindus, represent about 1.15 billion, or 15–16% of the worldwide inhabitants.[web 2] Hinduism is essentially the most broadly professed religion in India, Nepal and Mauritius. It’s also the predominant faith in Bali, Indonesia. Vital numbers of Hindu communities are additionally discovered within the Caribbean, Southeast Asia, North America, Europe, Oceania, Africa, and different areas.