Hinduism Beliefs

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A Hindu ( pronunciation (assist·information), Devanagari: हिन्दू) is an adherent of Hinduism, a set of spiritual, philosophical and cultural methods that originated within the Indian subcontinent. The huge physique of Hindu scriptures, divided into Śruti (“revealed”) and Smriti (“remembered”), lay the muse of Hindu beliefs which primarily embody dhárma, kárma, ahimsa and saṃsāra. Vedānta and yoga are one of many a number of core faculties of Hindu philosophy, broadly referred to as the Sanatan Dharm (Hindi: सनातन धर्म).

Hinduism is thought to be the oldest of world’s main religions[1] and Hindu mythology and philosophy has had a profound impression in lots of components of the world, particularly southern and South East Asia. With greater than a billion adherents, Hinduism is the world’s third largest faith. Overwhelming majority of Hindus, roughly 1 billion, stay in India.[2] Different nations with giant Hindu populations might be present in numerous components of the world.

The phrase Hindu first appeared within the Previous Persian language which was derived from the Sanskrit phrase Sindhu, the historic native appellation for the Indus River within the northwestern a part of the Indian subcontinent.[3] The utilization of the phrase Hindu was additional popularized by the Arabic time period al-Hind referring to the land of the individuals who stay throughout river Indus.[4] By 13th century, Hindustān emerged as a well-liked different title of India, which means the “land of Hindus”.[5] ‘Hindus’ got here for use for folks no matter their spiritual affiliation and primarily as a geographical time period. It was solely in the direction of the tip of the 18th century, the European retailers and colonists referred collectively to the followers of Dharmic religions in Hindustan — which geographically referred to most components of the northern Indian subcontinent — as Hindus. Ultimately, it got here to outline a exactly spiritual identification that features any individual of Indian origin who didn’t observe Abrahamic religions or religions similar to Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Sikhism or Buddhism and got here to be referred to as a Hindu, thereby encompassing a variety of spiritual beliefs and practices.[6].

One of many accepted views is that ism was added to Hindu round 1830 to indicate the tradition and faith of the high-caste Brahmans in distinction to different religions. The time period Hinduism was quickly appropriated by the Hindus in India themselves as they tried to determine a nationwide, social and cultural identification against European colonialism in India.[6]

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