Gods & Goddesses

Hindu priest performs Aarti ritual throughout Kali Puja


Kali Puja often known as Shyama Puja or Mahanisha Puja, is a competition devoted to the Hindu goddess Kali, celebrated on the brand new moon day of the Hindu month Kartik particularly in Bengal, Odisha and Assam. It coincides with the pan-Indian Lakshmi Puja day of Diwali. Whereas the Bengalis, Oriyas and Assamese adore goddess Kali on at the present time the remainder of India worships goddess Lakshmi on Diwali. Mahanisha puja is carried out by the Maithili individuals of Mithila area in India and Nepal.

The competition of Kali Puja will not be an historic one. Kali Puja was virtually unknown earlier than the 18th century, nonetheless a late 17th century devotional textual content Kalika mangalkavya –by Balram mentions an annual competition devoted to Kali. It was launched in Bengal in the course of the 18th century, by King (Raja) Krishnachandra of Navadvipa. Kali Puja gained recognition within the 19th century, with Krishanachandra’s grandson Ishvarchandra and the Bengali elite; rich landowners started patronizing the competition on a grand scale. Together with Durga Puja, now – Kali Puja is the most important goddess competition in Bengal.

Kali puja (like Durga Puja) worshipers honor goddess Kali of their properties within the type of clay sculptures and in pandals (non permanent shrines or open pavilions). She is worshipped at evening with Tantric rites and mantras. She is prescribed choices of crimson hibiscus flowers, animal blood in a cranium, sweets, rice and lentils, fish and meat. It’s prescribed {that a} worshiper ought to meditate all through the evening till daybreak. Properties may additionally observe rites within the Brahmanical (mainstream Hindu-style, non-Tantric) custom with ritual dressing of Kali in her type as Adya Shakti Kali. Animals are ritually sacrificed on Kali Puja day and supplied to the goddess. A celebration of Kali Puja in Kolkata and in Guwahati can also be held in a big cremation floor the place she is believed to dwell in each locations.

The pandals additionally home photographs of god Shiva – the consort of Kali, Ramakrishna and Bamakhepa- two well-known Bengali Kali devotees together with scenes from mythology of Kali and her varied varieties together with Mahavidyas, typically thought of because the “ten Kalis”. The Mahavidyas is a bunch of ten Tantric goddesses headed by Kali. Individuals go to these pandals all through the evening. Kali Puja can also be the time for magic reveals and theatre, fireworks. Current customized entails consuming wine.

Supply: Wikipedia

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