Hinduism Teachings

Hindu calendar | Wikipedia audio article | Wikipedia audio article


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Hindu calendar | Wikipedia audio article

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“The one true knowledge is in realizing you recognize nothing.”
– Socrates

Hindu calendar is a collective time period for the varied lunisolar calendars historically utilized in India. They undertake an identical underlying idea for timekeeping, however differ of their relative emphasis to moon cycle or the solar cycle and the names of months and once they think about the New 12 months to begin. Of the varied regional calendars, probably the most studied and identified Hindu calendars are the Shalivahana Shaka present in South India, Vikram Samvat (Bikrami) present in North and Central areas of India, Tamil calendar utilized in Tamil Nadu, and the Bengali calendar used within the Bengal – all of which emphasize the lunar cycle. Their new 12 months begins in spring, with their heritage relationship again to 1st millennium BCE. In distinction, in areas similar to Kerala, the photo voltaic cycle is emphasised and that is known as the Malayalam calendar, their new 12 months begins in autumn, and these have origins within the second half of the first millennium CE. A Hindu calendar is typically known as Panchanga (पञ्चाङ्ग).The traditional Hindu calendar is analogous in conceptual design to the Jewish calendar, however totally different from the Gregorian calendar. Not like Gregorian calendar which provides further days to lunar month to regulate for the mismatch between twelve lunar cycles (354 lunar days) and practically 365 photo voltaic days, the Hindu calendar maintains the integrity of the lunar month, however insert an additional full month by advanced guidelines, each few years, to make sure that the festivals and crop-related rituals fall within the applicable season.The Hindu calendars have been in use within the Indian subcontinent since historic occasions, and stays in use by the Hindus in India and Nepal significantly to set the Hindu pageant dates similar to Holi, Maha Shivaratri, Vaisakhi, Raksha Bandhan, Pongal, Onam, Krishna Janmashtami, Durga Puja, Ram Navami, Vishu and Diwali. Early Buddhist communities of India adopted the traditional Indian calendar, later Vikrami calendar after which native Buddhist calendars. Buddhist festivals proceed to be scheduled in accordance with a lunar system. The Buddhist calendar and the standard lunisolar calendars of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Thailand are additionally primarily based on an older model of the Hindu calendar. Equally, the traditional Jain traditions have adopted the identical lunisolar system because the Hindu calendar for festivals, texts and inscriptions. Nonetheless, the Buddhist and Jaina timekeeping techniques have tried to make use of the Buddha and the Mahavira’s lifetimes as their reference factors.The Hindu calendar can be necessary to the observe of Hindu astrology and zodiac system, most of which was adopted by Greece, in centuries after the arrival of Alexander the Nice. The Indian nationwide calendar or “Saka calendar” was redesigned in an effort that began in 1952 primarily based on the standard Hindu calendars, and it was adopted on March 22, 1957.


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