himalayan sadhu & swami viekananda – by nirbhayananda swamiji
Shaiva sadhus are renunciates dedicated to Shiva, and Vaishnava sadhus are renouncers dedicated to Vishnu (or his avatar like Rama or Krishna). The Vaishnava sadhus are generally known as vairagis. Much less quite a few are Shakta sadhus, who’re dedicated to Shakti. Inside these normal divisions are quite a few sects and subsects, reflecting totally different lineages and philosophical faculties and traditions (also known as “sampradayas”).
Inside the Shaiva sadhus are many subgroups. Most Shaiva sadhus put on a Tripundra mark on their brow, costume in saffron, purple or orange coloration garments, and dwell a monastic life. Some sadhus such because the Aghori share the practices of historical Kapalikas, the place they beg with a cranium, smeared their physique with ashes from the cremation floor, and experiment with substances or practices which can be usually abhorred by society.
The Himalayan vary has most of the Earth’s highest peaks, together with the very best, Mount Everest. The Himalayas embrace over fifty mountains exceeding 7,200 metres (23,600 ft) in elevation, together with 10 of the 14 8000m peaks. In contrast, the very best peak exterior Asia – Aconcagua, within the Andes – is 6,961 metres (22,838 ft) tall.
The Himalayan vary is bordered on the northwest by the Karakoram and Hindu Kush ranges, on the north by the Tibetan Plateau, and on the south by the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The Himalayas are distinct from the opposite nice ranges of central Asia, though generally the time period Himalaya is loosely used to incorporate the Karakoram and among the different ranges. The Himalayas are unfold throughout 5 nations: Nepal, India, Bhutan, China, and Pakistan, with the primary three nations having sovereignty over a lot of the vary. Among the world’s main rivers, the Indus, the Ganges, and the Tsangpo-Brahmaputra, rise within the Himalayas, and their mixed drainage basin is residence to roughly 600 million folks. The Himalayas have profoundly formed the cultures of South Asia; many Himalayan peaks are sacred in Hinduism and Buddhism.
Swami Vivekananda Bengali: [ʃami bibekanɒnɖo] ( pay attention), Shāmi Bibekānondo; 12 January 1863 – four July 1902), born Narendranath Datta (Bengali: [nɔrend̪ro nat̪ʰ d̪ɔt̪t̪o]), was an Indian Hindu monk, a chief disciple of the 19th-century Indian mystic Ramakrishna.  He was a key determine within the introduction of the Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the Western world and is credited with elevating interfaith consciousness, bringing Hinduism to the standing of a serious world faith in the course of the late 19th century. He was a serious drive within the revival of Hinduism in India, and contributed to the idea of nationalism in colonial India. Vivekananda based the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission. He’s maybe greatest identified for his speech which started, “Sisters and brothers of America …,” through which he launched Hinduism on the Parliament of the World’s Religions in Chicago in 1893.
Ramakrishna Mission (Bengali: রামকৃষ্ণ মিশন) is an Indian spiritual group which varieties the core of a worldwide non secular motion often called the Ramakrishna Motion or the Vedanta Motion. The mission is a philanthropic, volunteer organisation based by Ramakrishna’s chief disciple Swami Vivekananda on 1 Could 1897. The mission conducts in depth work in well being care, catastrophe aid, rural administration, tribal welfare, elementary and better schooling and tradition. It makes use of the mixed efforts of a whole lot of ordered monks and 1000’s of householder disciples. The mission bases its work on the ideas of karma yoga.
The mission, which is headquartered close to Kolkata at Belur Math in Howrah, West Bengal, subscribes to the traditional Hindu philosophy of Vedanta. It’s affiliated with the monastic organisation Ramakrishna Math, with whom it shares members