Bharatnatyam is without doubt one of the many conventional dance from India.It originated in grand temples of Historic India.Its oldest description goes again to sangam literature. It originated round 2B.C-1B.C in Temples of Shiva in South-India.
It has its inspirations from the sculptures of the traditional temple of Chidambaram.
In historic instances it was carried out as “dasiattam” by mandir (Hindu temple) Devadasis. Lots of the historic sculptures in Hindu temples are primarily based on Bharata Natyam dance postures karanas. In truth, it’s the celestial dancers, apsara’s, who’re depicted in lots of scriptures dancing the heavenly model of what’s recognized on earth as Bharata Natyam. In probably the most important sense, a Hindu deity is a revered royal visitor in his temple/abode, to be provided the “sixteen hospitalities” – amongst that are music and dance, pleasing to the senses. Thus, many Hindu temples historically maintained enhances of skilled musicians and dancers, as did Indian rulers.
In Kali Yuga, the middle of most arts in India is Bhakti (devotion) and subsequently, Bharata Natyam as a dance kind and carnatic music set to it are deeply grounded in Bhakti. Bharata Natyam, it’s stated, is the embodiment of music in visible kind, a ceremony, and an act of devotion. Dance and music are inseparable types; solely with Sangeetam (phrases or syllables set to raga or melody) can dance be conceptualized. Bharata Natyam has three distinct parts to it: Nritta (rhythmic dance actions), Natya (mime, or dance with a dramatic facet), and Nritya (mixture of Nritta and Natya).
It’s believed that Bharata Natyam is especially a renewal of Cathir, the traditional artwork of temple dancers.This dance kind denotes numerous 19th and 20th century reconstructions of Cathir, the artwork of temple dancers from historic dance types.
Important ideasBharata Natyam is taken into account to be a ‘fireplace dance’ — the mystic manifestation of the metaphysical factor of fireside within the human physique. It is without doubt one of the 5 main kinds (one for every factor) that embody Odissi (factor of water), Mohiniattam (factor of air), Kuchipudi (factor of earth) and Kathakali (factor of sky). The actions of an genuine Bharata Natyam dancer resemble the actions of a dancing flame. Up to date Bharata Natyam is never practiced as Natya Yoga (popularly generally known as ‘Dance Yoga’), a sacred meditational custom, besides by a number of orthodox colleges.
Bharata Natyam correct is a solo dance, with two facets, lasya, the sleek female traces and actions, and tandava Ananda Thandavam (Tamil) (the dance of Shiva), masculine facet, which is similar to the Yin and Yang within the Chinese language tradition Bharata Natyam efficiency lasts about two hours, and consists of six or extra of the next components:
Allarippu – A presentation of the Tala punctuated by easy syllables spoken by the dancer. This actually is type of an invocation to the gods to bless the efficiency.
Kautuvam – Historic temple dance merchandise carried out to start with of the recital, containing rhythmic syllables sung for jathis.
Ganapati Vandana – A standard opening prayer to the Hindu god Ganesh, who removes obstacles. See additionally Pushpanjali
Jatiswaram – An summary dance the place the drums set the beat. Right here the dancer shows her versatility in elaborate footwork and sleek actions of the physique.
Shabdam – The dancing is accompanied by a poem or tune with a devotional or amorous theme.
Varnam – The middle piece of the efficiency. It’s the longest part of the dance punctuated with probably the most advanced and tough actions. Positions of the fingers and physique inform a narrative, normally of affection and the eager for the lover.
Padam – In all probability probably the most lyrical part the place the dancer “speaks” of some facet of affection: devotion to the Supreme Being; or of affection of mom for youngster; or the love of lovers separated and reunited.
Stuti – Hymn in reward of a deity that will include a feigned mockery, and so on. See additionally Stotra
Koothu – Merchandise containing a variety of dramatic parts.
Javali – Javalis are comparatively new, pure abhinaya varieties of compositions of sunshine and pleasing nature. Like Padams the underlying theme of Javalis is Sringara Rasa depicting the Nayaka-Nayaki bhava.
Thillana – The ultimate part is a pure dance (nritta) when the virtuosity of the music is mirrored within the advanced footwork and charming poses of the dancer.
Aside from this stuff, there are gadgets similar to Shlokam, Swarajathi, Krithi and so on. The efficiency concludes with the chanting of some spiritual verses as a type of benediction. Sure kinds embody extra superior gadgets, similar to Tharanga Nritham and Suddha Nritham. When a dancer has mastered all the weather of dance, as a popping out efficiency, she or he typically performs an Arangetram (debut).
Angikam – It is a devotional tune on Lord Shiva and an merchandise dance in bharatnatyam. It will also be carried out in byapti sluggish movement.