Veda- Rigveda Yajurveda Samaveda Atharvaveda,
The Vedas (Sanskrit वेदाः véda, “data”) are a big physique of texts originating in historical India. Composed in Vedic Sanskrit, the texts represent the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. The Vedas are apauruṣeya (“not of human company”). They’re imagined to have been instantly revealed, and thus are known as śruti (“what’s heard”), distinguishing them from different non secular texts, that are known as smṛti (“what’s remembered”). The Vedic texts or śruti are organized round 4 canonical collections of metrical materials referred to as Saṃhitās, of which the primary three are associated to the efficiency of yajna (sacrifice) in historic Vedic faith:
The Rigveda, containing hymns to be recited by the hotar, or presiding priest;
The Yajurveda, containing formulation to be recited by the adhvaryu or officiating priest;
The Samaveda, containing formulation to be sung by the udgatar or priest that chants;
The fourth is the Atharvaveda, a group of spells and incantations, apotropaic charms and speculative hymns. The person verses contained in these compilations are referred to as mantras. Some chosen Vedic mantras are nonetheless recited at prayers, non secular capabilities and different auspicious events in modern Hinduism.
The assorted Indian philosophies and sects have taken differing positions on the Vedas. Colleges of Indian philosophy which cite the Vedas as their scriptural authority are categorized as “orthodox” (āstika). Different traditions, notably Buddhism and Jainism, which didn’t regard the Vedas as authorities are referred to by conventional Hindu texts as “heterodox” or “non-orthodox” (nāstika) faculties. Along with Buddhism and Jainism, Sikhism and Brahmoism, many non-Brahmin Hindus in South India don’t settle for the authority of the Vedas. Sure South Indian Brahmin communities reminiscent of Iyengars think about the Tamil Divya Prabandham or writing of the Alvar saints as equal to the Vedas.