Nasadiya Sukta: The Hymn Of creation (Rig Veda)


Nasadiya Sukta: The Hymn of Creation

nasadiya sukta
Nasadiya Sukta- The Hymn of Creation

Nasadiya Sukta is called the Hymn of Creation and is mentioned in the Rig Veda. The Vedas are the voice of the Brahman or the Pure consciousness that created the universe. Brahman is beyond form or dogmas.  Brahman represents the selfless pure form of the universal consciousness that, if inquired into, will facilitate the transfer of knowledge that will lead from ignorance to truth, from scarcity to abundance and from fear to fearlessness.

The hymn of creation or Nasadiya Sukta as mentioned in the RIG VEDA:

Then even nothingness was not, nor existence,
There was no air then, nor the heavens beyond it.
What covered it? Where was it? In whose keeping
Was there then cosmic water, in depths unfathomed?

Then there was neither death nor immortality
nor was there then the torch of night and day.
The One breathed windlessly and self-sustaining.
There was that One then, and there was no other.

At first there was only darkness wrapped in darkness.
All this was only unillumined water.
That One which came to be, enclosed in nothing,
arose at last, born of the power of heat.

In the beginning desire descended on it –
that was the primal seed, born of the mind.
The sages who have searched their hearts with wisdom
know that which is kin to that which is not.

And they have stretched their cord across the void,
and know what was above, and what below.
Seminal powers made fertile mighty forces.
Below was strength, and over it was impulse.

But, after all, who knows, and who can say
Whence it all came, and how creation happened?
The gods themselves are later than creation,
so who knows truly whence it has arisen?

Whence all creation had its origin,
he, whether he fashioned it or whether he did not,
he, who surveys it all from highest heaven,
he knows – or maybe even he does not know.


WHO AM I? Sage Vasistha instructs Lord Ram

Mantrapushpam: English Translation

The 4 Mahavakyas from the Upanishads

WHAT IS KARMA: The Story of the Bow-man

Datta-Dayadhvam-Damyata- Lord Vishnu’s teachings

WHY DO WE FEEL TRAPPED: The Story of the 2 Birds




Who am I – Ancient Hindu story about the truth of creation


A Hinduism Story that answers “Who am I? What am I?”

who am i
Who Am I

At some point in life, most men and women will be plagued by the query, “Who am I? What am i doing here? What am I?

Some people believe that creation is accidental and some say that the answer to why the world is created can never be understood. Vedanta says that both the above views are deluded.

Men and women in every age have, by their own efforts been able to find an answer to ‘ulitmate truth of life’  and crossed the samsara or this repetitive cycle of birth and death.

The truth of life and the secret behind creation needs to be realized layer by layer; just as when you peel each layer from an onion, another layer is revealed. Similarly the truth is to be inquired step by step. Rama, the god who was born as man had the same query centuries ago: Who am I? What am I? What am i doing here?

Who am I  – The dialogue between Sage Vasistha and Lord Rama

In this regard there is a less known, esoteric story that was conveyed by Sage Vasishta to young Rama in the Treta Yuga. This story encapsulates the truth of life in a profound message.

Rama as a young prince went into despair and lost interest in his worldy duties.  Upon being summoned by his father, the King, Rama stated before the court that he was disllusioned with this material cycle of life and death and was not sure about the truth of life and the purpose of creation.

Who am i? What am I here for? thundered Rama in the courtroom.

The king requested Sage Vasishta to end Rama’s despair.  This story is chronicled in the glorious book “Yoga Vasistha”.

Sage Vasistha tells the following story to Rama who is full of angst in trying to understand the truth of life.

    Once upon a time in a city which did not exist, there were three princes who were brave and happy. Of those three princes, two were unborn and the third had not been conceived. Unfortunately all their relatives died.

      The princes left their native city to go elsewhere. Unable to bear the heat of the sun, they took shade under three trees, out of which two did not exist and the third had not even been planted.  After resting there for some time and eating the fruits of those trees, they proceeded further.

    They reached the banks of three rivers; of them two were dry and in the third there was no water. The princes had a refreshing bath and quenched their thirst in them.

    Then they reached a huge city which was about to be built. On entering this city, the princes found three palaces of exceeding beauty. Of them, two had not been built at all and the third had no walls at all.

    They entered the palaces and found three golden plates; two of the plates had been broken into halves and the third had been smashed into pieces. They took hold of the plate that had been smashed into pieces. They took ninety-nine minus one hundred grams of rice and cooked it. They then invited three holy men to be their guests. Of them, two had no body and the third had no mouth. After these holy men had eaten food, the three princes ate the rest of the food that had been cooked . The three princes were greatly pleased on having this meal. They then lived in the city for a long time, in peace and joy.


Sage Vasistha then proclaims to Lord Rama, “Know this, that whosoever can comprehend the secret of this story, will understand the ultimate truth of life and be able to answer the question Who am I?”


WHAT IS THE SELF? Lord Brahma instructs Lord Indra

WHY ARE WE BORN- The Story of the 5 Ants

WHAT IS SAMSARA- The Story of the Boat-Ride

WHY DO WE FEEL TRAPPED- The Story of the 2 Birds

HAPPINESS: Why is Maya smiling at you?

WHAT IS DEATH: Time gives a Timeless Sermon


WHAT IS KARMA? Sanchita Karma and Prarabdha Karma


WHAT IS KARMA: Sanchita Karma and Prarabdha Karma

Hinduism classifies Karma as Sanchita Karma and Prarabdha Karma. In Vedanta, the following analogy is used to explain Karma.

sanchita karma and prarabdha karma
What is Karma?

A bowman stands aiming at a distant target. He takes out an arrow from the quiver and releases it. While the arrow is floating through the air, the bowman takes another arrow from the bundle of arrows in the quiver and fits it in the bow. He is ready to shoot another arrow even as the other arrow is going towards its target in one direction.

Vedanta says that you are the bowman in every birth. The quiver of arrows represents Sanchita Karma.

Sanchita Karma is the sum total of the good and bad deeds of all your past lives.

The arrows in the quiver are all the good and bad actions from your past life.  All the good and bad actions from your past life reside in the quiver as residual effects for your future life.

Vedanta further explains that the arrow that you have shot is that portion of the sanchita or past karma that is responsible for your present body and destiny. This is called Prarabhdha karma.

Thus, the portion of the sanchita karma which influences human life in the present incarnation is called prarabdha karma.

In our life, a certain portion of the sanchita karma, most suited for the spiritual evolution at the time, is chosen to be worked out, during the course of our lifetime.

Subsequently the Prarabdha Karma creates circumstances which we are destined to experience in our present lifetime. It also places certain limitations via our physical family, body or life circumstances we are born into.

Thus Sanchita Karma and Prarabdha karma are colletively  known as fate or destiny.

Fate or destiny is nothing but the effect of the past karma represented by the quiver holding the arrows. The arrows are the residual effects of all your good and bad actions of your past. The action of choosing and shooting a particular arrow from the choices given due to your past actions creates present karma which will  decide your future birth.


WHO AM I? Sage Vasistha instructs Lord Ram

WHAT IS DEATH? Time gives a timeless sermon

WHAT IS PEACE OF MIND: Brihaspati instructs his son

WHY ARE WE BORN- Story of the 5 Ants

SAMSARA- The secret of the boat-ride


Prana and the benefits of Pranayam


prana and the benefits of pranayam

Prana and the benefits of Pranayam

What is Prana?

The cosmic energy takes the form of Prana or the vital breath in the living form. All living species are conscious as long as Prana resides in them.

The story of Prana

The Upanishads explain the concept of Prana beautifully. In the beginning of creation, Brahman or the infinite consciousness presides over the cosmic energy and creates the 5 elements – fire, earth, water, air and space.

From these 5 elements of nature arise the the five sense organs. From fire came the sense of sight, from air came the sense of touch, from water came the sense of taste, from earth came the sense smell and from space came the sense of hearing.

These sense organs came together in the body of a living being.  After the sense organs came into existence, Brahman created good and evil. The constructive forces that would bring welfare on the creation were termed as Devas or Gods and the destructive forces that would cause misery in the world were termed as Asuras or Demons. It was so destined that both Gods and Demons could preside over the sense organs of a living being.

When a child is born, the natural state for his or her sense organs is to be governed by divinity and goodness. However, as the child grows older, the law of creation dictates that it is his or her own free will that will determine whether Gods or Demons would rule his or her senses.

All the five sense organs are capable of being presided over by Gods or Demons. However the free will to choose remains with the individual.

The 5 sense organs and free will

Speech –  When you choose to speak beneficial things you let divinity preside. When you choose to speak harmful things you chose to let the demons dominate.

Ear- The ear is always open and capable of hearing both the good and the bad.

Eyes– The eyes are prone to make you confused since they can see both the good and bad sights.

Similar is the case with taste, touch and smell.

 The story of Prana and the  benefits of  Pranayam

There is a lesser known truth mentioned in the scriptures.

There is one function in the body which is only presided by the constructive forces and can never be affected by evil.  That function is the Prana or breath in the body. All other sense organs can be influenced by good or evil forces. It is only Prana that can never get influenced by the destructive forces in the creation.

Therefore, in all ages, wise men to ensure that they realize the goodness and truth prevalent in them, attempt to control their Prana or breath. Pranayama or slow breathing is the most powerful way of ensuring that your senses and mind are never swayed towards evil.

The scriptures give the example of the tortoise who lives a long, peaceful life. With controlled breathing, the tortoise is always able to protect its limbs by restraining them inside the shell. Similarly the wise among men and women, are able to slow down their breathing with yogic practices, and are able to restrain their senses and achieve all that is good in this universe.


The story of Raikva, cart-driver- Samvarga Vidya

WHY ARE WE BORN-  The Story of the 5 Ants

HOW TO GET PEACE OF MIND: Brihaspati instructs his son

WHY DO WE FEEL TRAPPED: The Story of the 2 birds






Achieving Moksha

Lord Krishna gives a very simple remedy for achieving Moksha in Kali yuga.  Men and women will have to develop hope for remaining happy in Kali Yuga. Moksha is defined as freedom the ‘cycle of life and death’ or samsara. In Moksha, one attains freedom from the effects of karma and does not take rebirth.

In Kali Yuga, it is destined that both the sinner and the virtuous will possess wealth. People’s hope will limit to the hoarding of material things and they will mistake it for happiness. Those who try remaining happy by running after material wealth will live in ignorance and hope will evade them at the end of their lives.

In the scriptures, hope is defined at that urge in the self-consciousness that aspires you towards the betterment of your soul. People who develop such a hope will succeed in remaining happy in Kali Yuga.

There are three ways for achieving moksha in Kali yuga:

  1. Bhakti/Devotion: This is the easiest way to generate hope. Those who surrender their minds to the supreme being and perform their actions without aspiring for rewards will achieve happiness.


  1. Karma: Those who cannot develop Bhakti, can resolve to follow the path of Karma. Karma is defined as “never to act with desire following the action.” Anyone who follows the path of karma in Kali Yuga will achieve happiness and freedom from misery.


  1. Those who cannot develop Bhakti or live a life of Karma yoga, should develop the following qualities and pass their lives on earth. Happiness will always be found in a person who has the following qualities: Ahimsa (non-violence), Asteyam (non-stealing), Astikam (a firm faith in the belief of a higher power), Lajja (a feeling of shame to do actions which are unworthy), Sthairyam (to be firm in your words, in your actions, in your convictions), Kshama (forgiveness) and Abhaya (fearlessness).


WHAT IS ATMA: Lord Brahma Instructs Lord Indra

WHAT IS KARMA: The Story of the Bow-man

WHAT IS DEATH: Times gives a timless sermon

The Story of the Caged Elephant: How to break Free

WHO AM I? Sage Vasistha instructs Lord Rama




kali yuga predictions


Most of the Kali Yuga predictions have already become a reality. It has been written in the ancient Hindu scriptures that Dharma (the right way of living) represented by a bull will stand only on one leg in the age of Kali. Predictions of what will happen in Kali Yuga are mentioned in the Mahabharat and the Bhagavata Purana.

It remains to be seen if all the predictions of Kali Yuga mentioned in these scriptures will come true.

Kali Yuga predictions made by Sri Krishna and Sage Markendya.

In Kali Yuga, people will become a slave to lust, anger and pride.

Ignorant people will delight in violence and kill each other and other species in the name of religion.

People will lead bewildered lives. Fake spiritual people will exploit this state of ignorance and become mass leaders leading people further into their destruction.

People in power will rob the state and commit crimes on the people they are supposed to protect.

The main purpose of life will be to please the senses. In the age of Kali, only wealth will be considered as a virtue and a wealthy man will command the respect of everyone.

People will become intoxicated and having no control of their lives,  remain in ignorance. Overcome by lust, people will lead a meaningless existence.

Men will indulge in actions that destroy nature and nature in turn will destroy men.

Children will stop caring for the parents and society will become devoid of values.

Men and women will live together merely because of superficial attraction, and success in business will depend on deceit.

People will look for truth outside themselves. Seeking peace externally, people will change from one religion to another.

Anyone who is clever at juggling words will be considered a learned scholar and lead the masses.

As the earth thus becomes crowded with a corrupt population, whoever among any of the social classes shows himself to be the strongest will gain political power.

Harassed by famine and excessive taxes, people will resort to eating leaves, roots, flesh, wild honey, fruits, flowers and seeds. Struck by drought, they will become completely ruined. The citizens will suffer greatly from cold, wind, heat, rain and snow. They will be further tormented by quarrels, hunger, thirst, disease and severe anxiety.

The maximum duration of life for human beings in Kali yuga will become fifty years.

While these were the predictions for Kali Yuga, the scriptures also tell us how how to remain happy in the age of Kali. 


WHAT IS SAMSARA: The Secret of the boat-ride

HAPPINESS: Why does Maya smile at you

UPANISHAD STORY: Raikva, the cart-driver

WHAT IS DEATH: Time gives a timeless sermon

WHAT IS KARMA: The Story of the Bow-man